Selecting the right breed for egg production can be a challenging task for poultry farmers. The California Tan Chicken breed, while promising, has its details scattered and unclear. This lack of clear information can lead to costly mistakes and unmet expectations.
So, let’s explore the egg production capabilities and other facts about this breed to help you make an informed decision.
What is a California Tan Chicken?
The California Tan chicken is an exceptional hybrid breed developed through the careful cross-breeding of the White Leghorn and the Rhode Island Red. This breed was purposefully designed to maximize egg production by harnessing the prolific laying capabilities of its parent breeds.
The Rhode Island Red, a well-regarded dual-purpose breed, typically lays approximately 270 eggs annually. The White Leghorn, a pure breed renowned for its egg-laying prowess, can produce up to 280 eggs annually.
The fusion of these two remarkable breeds results in the California Tan, a hybrid bird with an impressive potential to lay about 300 large brown eggs annually. This high egg production has led to the breed’s increasing popularity among egg producers and backyard farmers alike.
Moreover, the adaptability of the California Tan chickens to diverse climatic conditions further adds to their appeal. Regardless of your geographical location or local weather patterns, these hardy birds continue to thrive and deliver consistent egg production, making them a practical and productive addition to any poultry farm or backyard coop.
Egg Production of A California Tan Chicken
California Tan chickens are great egg layers, like their parent breeds, the Production Red and White Leghorns. They are liked by both home chicken keepers and commercial farms because they lay lots of eggs.
If you’re after a chicken breed that gives you many eggs for home use or selling, California Tans is a good pick. Even with a small flock in your backyard, you’ll get plenty of eggs to eat and share.
California Tan hens start laying eggs pretty early, at about 17 weeks old. Their eggs begin small but grow larger as the chicken grows. The eggs have thick shells, and their quality is similar to those from Rhode Island Red and White Leghorn chickens.
Each year, a California Tan hen can lay around 300 eggs, up to about 700 in her lifetime. The eggs are large and can be brown, light brown, tinted, or tan. Each week, these hens can lay 5-6 eggs, and some might even lay 2 eggs a day. But they’re not the best for meat because they’re not very big.
Characteristics and Behavior
California Tan chicken breeds are friendly, calm birds that get along well with others in a backyard flock. However, they can be picked on by more aggressive birds, so they should only be kept with other calm breeds.
They’re active, love to search for food, and can fly well. If you let them roam freely, you’ll need a good fence. They like being in groups and following a strict pecking order. To keep peace in the group, it’s good to have one rooster for every ten hens. Like most roosters, the California Tan rooster can be a bit feisty and will protect the flock from threats.
Contrasting its name, the California Tan chicken predominantly sports white plumage, albeit with some unique variations. Its feathers often have a brownish texture, with occasional chickens featuring black flecks or a reddish tint. Despite these color variations, there’s little difference in plumage between roosters and hens. Both sexes display a single-type, pinkish-red comb and wattle.
Weight and Body Structure
While the plumage may be similar between sexes, body structure offers clear differentiation. California Tan hens, typically leaner, weigh around four pounds and exhibit short tail feathers that point backward.
In contrast, roosters have a more muscular build with broader chests, weighing around six pounds, and their tail feathers point upward. Neither sex has feathered feet, and some individuals have a dark-colored upper beak.
As a hybrid breed, the California Tan is not recognized as a standard breed. Its medium-sized, lean body is perfectly adapted for high egg production, with energy primarily channeled into laying eggs.
California Tan is not the best to breed them. This is because they are a hybrid breed. If you want more California Tan chickens, you must breed a Production Red chicken with a White Leghorn chicken. If you breed two California Tans together, the chicks will be a different breed.
California Tan chickens are generally healthy and don’t have any inherited health problems. They’re tough chickens and can handle both hot and cold weather well.
While they don’t usually have health problems, they sometimes get common chicken diseases. For example, they might get parasites like mites and lice, so it’s important to check your chickens regularly and treat them if needed.
But most brown egg layers or chickens that lay many eggs can sometimes have problems with their egg-laying systems. They could also have problems with egg-binding, which can happen if they don’t get enough care. Some hens might also have a prolapsed vent, especially if overweight.
But, these issues can often be solved by making sure the hens don’t have any vitamin shortages, infections, or parasites. So, it’s important to take good care of your chickens’ health.
Feeding California Tans
This breed doesn’t eat much, making them a good choice for first-time chicken owners or people who can’t afford much chicken feed.
Since they’re good at finding their food, you can let them search for insects and bugs in your yard. Once fully grown, you should give them a feed that’s 16% protein. When they’re molting, you can increase their protein to 20% to help them.
Also, you should give your chickens grit and oyster shell in separate containers. The oyster shell gives your hens the calcium they need to make strong eggshells.
Coop Setup for California Tan Chickens
These chickens are small, so they don’t need a lot of room in their coop. But they are active chickens, so they need space to move around. Each chicken should have about 4 square feet of coop space.
Each chicken should also have about 8 inches of roosting space. This gives them enough room to spread out in the summer and snuggle up in the winter.
The nesting boxes should be about 12×12 inches. This is small enough to stop them from sharing a box but big enough for them to move around.
If you keep them in a coop all the time, they’ll need a chicken run to stay active. You can keep them busy by giving them different things to explore, like piles of leaves, perches at different heights, and tree stumps.
Pros and Cons of Raising California Tan
- California Tan chickens give a lot of eggs. They can give about 300 eggs in a year. This is great if you want to sell or use eggs at home.
- These chickens can live well in both hot and cold weather. Some call them “winter wonders” because they do well in cold weather.
- Not only do these chickens give a lot of eggs, but the eggs are also big. This is good if you want to sell the eggs or use them for cooking.
- They are not hard to raise. They like to find their food but are also happy in a chicken pen. They are calm chickens and can get along well with other breeds.
- If you want to raise chickens for meat production, California Tan chickens might not be the best choice. These chickens are thin and do not give a lot of meat.
- They do not often go broody. This means they do not often sit on their eggs to hatch them. This could be a problem if you want to breed these chickens.
However, if you’re keen on breeding California Tan chickens or simply want a solution to the non-broody issue, there’s a solution at hand. Instead of relying on the hen’s natural brooding tendencies, you can use an egg incubator. The KEBONNIXS 12 Egg Incubator, available on Amazon, is a popular choice among poultry enthusiasts. It comes with a humidity display, an egg candler, and an automatic egg turner – making it ideal for hatching chickens.
Difference Between California Tan Chicken and California White Chicken
California Tan chickens and California White chickens can look similar, but they are different. They both come from mixed parent breeds.
California White chickens come from California Grays and White Leghorns. California Tan comes from Production Reds and White Leghorns.
The color of their feathers is different. California White chickens have white feathers. California Tans have red feathers, and sometimes they have black or brown spots.
They lay different colored eggs, too. California Tans lay brown eggs. California White chickens lay white eggs. But, besides these differences, California Tan and California White chickens are very similar.
Choose the Perfect Breed With Chicken Raising 101
The California Tan chicken breed is a perfect choice for both backyard and commercial farming, given its high egg production, friendly nature, and resilience. Although not ideal for meat, their impressive laying capabilities and easy management make them an attractive breed for anyone interested in poultry farming.
Proper care and attention to their unique needs ensure a productive, healthy flock. All in all, these birds offer great value and satisfaction in poultry keeping.